NASA Discovers of Water on Sunlit surface of Moon

NASA Discovers of Water on Sunlit surface of Moon

NASA Discovers of Water on Sunlit surface of Moon

As NASA seeks to return humans to the lunar surface through its Artemis program, the space agency is adding worldwide partnerships to facilitate sustainable exploration of the moon - while demonstrating that a human mission to Mars is possible in the future.

Here are four key things to know about the discovery. "Artemis will harness the largest and most diverse human space exploration coalition in history, and the signing of this MOU is the first step in what will be a historic journey of discovery".

As per the details, SOFIA has located water molecules in Clavius Crater.

Previously, various Astronomical organizations including The Cassini Mission & Deep Impact Comet Mission, The Indian Space Research Organization and NASA's Ground-based Infrared Telescope facility had found evidence of hydration in the sunnier side of the Moon.

"Prior to the SOFIA observations, we knew there was some kind of hydration".

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Moving forward, the entrance station - it should allow Long-term lunar exploration By serving as a middle ground between space and the lunar surface - an global endeavor, a NASA News Release. Whether the water SOFIA found is easily accessible for use as a resource remains to be determined.

It said that the findings will also help NASA establish a lunar base by tapping into the Moon's natural resources.

The landmark study now has NASA scientists theorizing how exactly water can persist across the moon's surface and how much of it is present.

For the first time, researchers have succeeded in clearly distinguishing between a water molecule (two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen) and another chemical compound mixed with it is hydroxyl (one part hydrogen and one part oxygen).

"Without a thick atmosphere, water on the sunlit lunar surface should just be lost to space", said Honniball, who is now a postdoctoral fellow at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. "Yet somehow we're seeing it".

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"By using infrared absorption spectroscopy, they proved the lunar soil was composed of roughly 0.1 percent water by mass, with more water appearing further below the surface you went".

The lead author of the study Casey Honeyball, a researcher at the Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics and Planets, said that the new study was able to "unambiguously" show the spectral signature of molecular water in a sunlit area. The current theory, Honniball said, is that water is trapped and preserved in tiny glass beads, likely formed when micrometeorites strike the moon's surface. Another possibility is that the water may be hidden between grains of lunar soil and shielded from sunlight.

NASA is preparing to send the first woman and next man to the lunar surface in 2024. However, it will be orbiting the moon tens of thousands of miles from the lunar surface and will be about one-sixth of the football field-size space station.

"Gateway is the physical manifestation of the global and commercial partnerships that will be the hallmark of the Artemis era of exploration", said Mike Gold, NASA acting associate administrator for the Office of worldwide and Interagency Relations at NASA Headquarters.

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