War crimes: Sudan agrees handing over Omar al-Bashir to ICC

Omar al-Bashir: Sudan agrees ex-president must face ICC

Sudanese official says al-Bashir to be handed over to ICC

Sudan's transitional government has agreed to send its deposed former president Omar al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court in The Hague to face charges of genocide and war crimes in Darfur.

For a decade after his indictment, al-Bashir travelled overseas frequently to visit friendly leaders without fear of arrest.

Bashir is accused of serious crimes in a conflict that broke out in Darfur in 2003 and led to the deaths of 300,000.

Authorities have said the charges must be presented to the ICC in The Hague to face a tribunal. Despite global arrest warrants issued by the ICC he regularly flew to visit leaders around the world apparently without fear of arrest.

The UN says that in addition to those killed in fighting between local armed groups, and Bashir's forces and government-backed militia - such as the infamous Janjaweed - around 2.5 million people were displaced in the war.

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In 2018, Bashir helped broker a tentative peace deal in South Sudan after five years of intense conflict in the world's newest country, which won independence from Khartoum in 2011.

The ICC has charged Bashir with genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role in the conflict.

"We agreed that we fully supported the ICC and we agreed... that the four criminals have to be handed over", Taishay said.

"Justice can not be achieved if we don't heal the wounds", added government spokesperson Mohammed Hassan Eltaish, according to the BBC.

A top Sudanese official indicated Tuesday that the country's transitional authorities and rebel groups have agreed to hand over Omar al-Bashir to The Hague.

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"This matter will not happen easily", he told the AP by phone.

Sudan is not a member of the Treaty of Rome, the ICC's founding treaty. The deputy head of the Sovereign Council, Gen. Mohammed Hamadan Dagalo, commands a paramilitary unit that was involved in crushing the Darfur insurgency.

Al-Bashir would be the highest profile figure yet to appear before the ICC, which was founded in 2002 but has been unable to gain acceptance among major powers, including the United States, Russia and China.

Mr.al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan for 30 years after seizing power in a military coup in 1989, was forced from office last April after months of street protests over a deteriorating economy and other grievances. Until his ouster past year, Bashir travelled freely to several countries despite being under indictment.

"Although the ICC has generated important legal precedents, it has had few important cases brought to verdict", said Jens David Ohlin, vice dean of Cornell Law School.

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ICC prosecutors in The Hague requested that the former leader stand trial over the Darfur killings and issued an arrest warrant for him on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

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