Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 crashed near Tehran last Wednesday, just hours after the Iranian military fired multiple ballistic missiles into neighboring Iraq, targeting military bases housing American troops, in retaliation for the US airstrike that killed Iran's most powerful general.
In an apparent criticism of the military, Mr. Rouhani, a moderate, urged that an official inquiry be candid about its findings.
The deal has quickly unraveled since then, with Iran steadily breaking away from limits on its nuclear program and Europe unable to find ways to keep Tehran committed.
"Demonstrations that had been attacking the USA for killing Iran's top general quickly turned into calls of 'death to the dictator, ' a reference to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei", as NPR's Peter Kenyon reported in the wake of the government's shifting narrative about the crash.
Iran shot down the plane when it was bracing for possible United States retaliation for a ballistic missile attack on two military bases housing USA troops in Iraq. It admitted the mistake on Saturday after days of denials. "But sometimes countries take actions without informing their allies", he said, referring to an absence of warning from the US before killing top Iranian General Qasem Soleimani.
All 176 people on board the plane were killed.
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He described the pact as a "significant achievement" and underlined that "there is no alternative to this agreement". Triggering the mechanism amounts to formally accusing Iran of violating the terms of the agreement.
"Thorough investigations have been launched and a number of individuals have been arrested", Iranian judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaili said according to Iran's Press TV, citing an official statement on the agency's website. Many of them had dual citizenship.
Images emerged from the previous two days of protests showing wounded people being carried and pools of blood on the ground, while the sound of gunfire could be heard.
Iran's police have denied firing at protesters and said officers were ordered to act with restraint. The overall level of unrest is hard to assess because of restrictions on independent reporting. Demonstrations tend to gather momentum into the night. The authorities killed hundreds of people to put down an uprising in November when demonstrators torched banks and petrol stations. "The most important thing now is that tensions in the region calm down", he added. Iran's Foreign Ministry, rather than the judiciary, would be responsible for any decision to expel him. Ukraine said they would consider legal action against Tehran. He added, "I myself, due to my somehow knowledge about air defense issue, say that only one person can't be guilty in this adventure, so there are some others".
The Canadian Transportation Safety Board "cannot confirm" the location of the flight records from Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752.
Most were Iranian and Canadian citizens.
Canada, Ukraine and their global allies are preparing for a Thursday meeting where they're expected to push Iran for justice for the families of the victims.
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USD/JPY is still keeping at fresh seven-month highs around 109.90 while gold is down by 0.7% around $1,550 at the moment. Support comes in around $US1.1060 ($A1.6024), while the recent peak at $US1.1239 ($A1.6284) marks stiff resistance .
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asked for Kiev's help in talking to Iran about identifying the bodies of the Canadian citizens who were killed, the Ukrainian president's office said.
The disaster and subsequent unrest comes amid one of the biggest escalations between Tehran and Washington since the revolution four decades ago that made them into foes.
The U.S. State Department has warned Iranian authorities that Washington was not going to "tolerate" violence against the protesters.
On Tuesday, Britain, France and Germany triggered the so-called "dispute mechanism" action that paves way for possible further sanctions in response to Iran's moves.
Trudeau said is there is anger directed at Iran.
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Following the discussions that took place, Queen Elizabeth released a statement revealing the outcome of the meeting. But she frankly admitted that the couple's decision was not welcome news.