Climate change makes children more vulnerable

Kids hit worst by climate change: Lancet

Climate change set to undo health gains, to affect kids most: Lancet study

And they're at risk for lifelong health threats unless the world meets Paris Agreement targets to limit warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, the scientists reported in the November 14 issue of The Lancet.

With increasing diarrhea diseases, more risky heat waves, air pollution and increases in mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever and malaria, man-made global warming is already harming public health around the world, the annual climate change and health report from the medical journal The Lancet said Wednesday. "Their bodies and immune programs are nonetheless growing, leaving them extra prone to illness and environmental pollution", stated Nick Watts, who co-led The Lancet Countdown on Health and Local weather Change examine.

Nothing rapid of a 7.4 per cent twelve months-on-twelve months reduce in fossil Carbon dioxide emissions from 2019 to 2050 will limit world warming to the ambitious aim of 1.5 degrees Celsius, it says.

The report says by limiting warming to well below 2ºC someone born today would grow up in a world which reaches net-zero emissions by their 31st birthday. "With the full force of the Paris Agreement due to be implemented in 2020, we can't afford this level of disengagement".

Despite increasing public and political attention, such as heightened interest around school climate strikes, "the world is yet to see a response from governments which matches the scale of the challenge", the report's authors wrote.

These children will face rising food prices and increased risk of malnutrition, according to the scientists.

Climate change is already harming children's health.

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As the decades pass, levels of malnutrition will escalate, the study claims, with global yields of crops such as rice, soy and maize set to plummet as temperatures surpass 2C above pre-industrial levels.

Also, children will suffer most from the rise in infectious diseases - with climatic suitability for the Vibrio bacteria that cause cholera rising 3% a year in India since the early 1980s, the study warns.

Extreme floods in Italy, bushfires in Australia and even an outbreak of plague in China have all been blamed on climate change this week.

But the most alarming conclusions of the report are what lie ahead for future generations, since climate change is a generational problem.

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Already, the number of days when conditions are ripe for the spread of the water-borne bacteria Vibrio, a major cause of debilitating diarrhea, has doubled since 1980, with past year ranking second-highest on record, the report said.

Similarly, changing weather patterns are creating favourable environments for Vibrio cholerae bacteria, with global suitability rising nearly 10% since the early 1980s-increasing the likelihood of cholera outbreaks in countries where the disease does not regularly occur.

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The report discovered that mosquito-borne illnesses equivalent to dengue and malaria have been additionally on the march, placing half of the world's present inhabitants in danger.

Meanwhile, nine of the top 10 years where conditions were most ripe for dengue fever transmission have occurred since 2000, the report said. A child born today will breathe more toxic air than in the past; in fact, more than 90% of children today, and urban residents of over 80% of surveyed cities, were exposed to fine particulate matter concentrations above World Health Organization guidelines. This is especially damaging to children as their lungs are still developing.

Among the most immediate and long-lasting health threats from climate change is air pollution, the researchers said.

"Administrators and health-care workers are ready for it, they want it". Upto 14 of its cities made it to the list of the world's 20 most polluted cities. In India, unsafe levels of outdoor fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) contributed over 529,500 premature deaths in 2016.

A general view shows a man crossing the flooded St. Mark's Square after an exceptional overnight "Alta Acqua" high tide water level, November 13, 2019, in Venice. In 152 out of 196 countries, an rising need of oldsters were uncovered to wildfires since 2001-2004 with a financial toll per particular person 48 times increased than flooding. The report also said the cholera version of Vibrio has increased almost 10%.

She recalls the 2015 heatwave in India that killed thousands. In 2018, India was also one of the countries driving up the number of heatwave exposures-with an additional 45 million exposures in the year.

"Children are the most vulnerable".

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