Of the three plague variants, pneumonic is the most virulent and is fatal if left untreated.
While hundreds of years had passed since the Black Death, which claimed the lives of at least 50 million people all over the world, the plague is not completely gone.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar and Peru are the three countries in which pneumonic plague is most endemic. The WHO confirms that from 2010 to 2015, there were 3,248 cases reported worldwide, with 584 of them ending in death.
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According to the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) in the U.S., the plague is treatable with antibiotics.
In 2015, two people in Colorado died from the plague, Fox 13 reports.
Whichever you get, you're in big trouble. Infected animals like cats and dogs can also infect their owners.
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The most accepted cause of the Black Death are the rats, but according to a 2018 study, human fleas and body lice might also have aided.
According to CDC, it can be cured through antibiotics, but medical care must be given immediately to avoid serious complications or death. However, a strain of bubonic plague with high-level resistance to the antibiotic streptomycin, which is usually the first-line treatment, was seen recently in Madagascar. It is said to have originated in the dry plains of Central Asia, where Yersinia pestis thrived in populations of fleas carried by ground rodents.
Pneumonic plague is known for its effects on the respiratory system, as it causes risky lung infections.
Key steps for prevention of plague include eliminating nesting places for rodents around your home, sheds, garages and recreation areas by removing brush, rock piles, trash and excess firewood, according to the CDC.
They reportedly ate raw kidney from a marmot as part of a local folk remedy thought to promote good health. If you absolutely must handle a sick or dead animal, wear gloves. Do not sleep with your pets as this increases your risk of getting plague.
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More recently, health and animal-welfare concerns have also contributed, as more shoppers seek out non-dairy alternatives. In 2000, Southern Foods was acquired by Suiza Foods Corp., which bought Dean Foods a year later.