Two people in China being treated for the plague

Black Death plague bacteria

Two people in China being treated for the plague

Of the three plague variants, pneumonic is the most virulent and is fatal if left untreated.

The patients - a husband and wife - were admitted at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital on November 5, according to a report from domestic media outlet Caijing that cited the hospital.

Plague can transmit through air and is considered as a most risky infectious disease by China's health authorities.

While hundreds of years had passed since the Black Death, which claimed the lives of at least 50 million people all over the world, the plague is not completely gone.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar and Peru are the three countries in which pneumonic plague is most endemic. The WHO confirms that from 2010 to 2015, there were 3,248 cases reported worldwide, with 584 of them ending in death.

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Back in May, a Mongolian couple died from bubonic plague, one of the three types of plagues caused by the bacterium, AFP reported at the time.

According to the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) in the U.S., the plague is treatable with antibiotics.

In 2015, two people in Colorado died from the plague, Fox 13 reports.

"The (Chinese) National Health Commission are implementing efforts to contain and treat the identified cases and increasing surveillance", said WHO China's Fabio Scano, according to The Guardian.

Whichever you get, you're in big trouble. Infected animals like cats and dogs can also infect their owners.

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The most accepted cause of the Black Death are the rats, but according to a 2018 study, human fleas and body lice might also have aided.

According to CDC, it can be cured through antibiotics, but medical care must be given immediately to avoid serious complications or death. However, a strain of bubonic plague with high-level resistance to the antibiotic streptomycin, which is usually the first-line treatment, was seen recently in Madagascar. It is said to have originated in the dry plains of Central Asia, where Yersinia pestis thrived in populations of fleas carried by ground rodents.

Pneumonic plague is known for its effects on the respiratory system, as it causes risky lung infections.

Key steps for prevention of plague include eliminating nesting places for rodents around your home, sheds, garages and recreation areas by removing brush, rock piles, trash and excess firewood, according to the CDC.

They reportedly ate raw kidney from a marmot as part of a local folk remedy thought to promote good health. If you absolutely must handle a sick or dead animal, wear gloves. Do not sleep with your pets as this increases your risk of getting plague.

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