Putin was speaking just days after the United States military test-fired a ground version of Tomahawk cruise missile that travelled about 500km (310 miles) before hitting a mock target.
The US Department of Defense said Monday it had tested a type of ground-launched missile that was banned under the 1987 INF agreement, which limited the use of nuclear and conventional medium-range weapons.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said a recent USA missile test showed that Washington aimed to deploy previously banned missiles around the world.
By leaving the agreement, Washington wanted to "untie its hands for the deployment to different regions of the world of missiles that were previously banned", Mr Putin said.
US Supreme Court judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg treated for tumour on pancreas
The setback does not appear to have slowed the 86-year-old's summer schedule, other than one cancelled visit to Santa Fe. The tumor was " treated definitively and there is no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body", the court said.
He ordered the Defence Ministry and other agencies to "take the necessary measures to prepare a symmetrical answer".
Despite his order, Putin said Russian Federation remained open to talks with the United States aimed at restoring trust and strengthening global security. Now, one "cannot deny" a breach of the now defunct treaty, he added.
He argued that the use of an Mk41 launcher on Sunday confirmed Russia's longstanding complaints that United States missile defence installations in Romania and Poland could be repurposed to fire offensive weapons.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said on Tuesday that the U.S. test showed that Washington was stoking a new arms race and confrontation, which would have a serious negative effect on regional and global security.
Putin said at a government meeting that the test confirmed prior suspicions that the United States had planned to place banned weapons in Europe. However, Moscow says it is not aiming for an arms race.
Trump says Jews who vote for Democrats are disloyal to Israel
In my opinion, you vote for a Democrat, you're being very disloyal to Jewish people, and you are being very disloyal to Israel. On Sept. 17 , Israeli voters have a chance to remove the single greatest impediment to U.S. -Israel relations.
"It's indisputable now", the Russian leader said.
Secretary of Defense Mark Esper told reporters recently that the Pentagon wants to deploy missile systems "to the Asia Indo-PACOM theater".
The newly tested cruise missile recalls a nuclear-armed U.S. weapon that was deployed in several European NATO countries in the 1980s, along with Pershing 2 ground-based ballistic missiles, in response to a buildup of Soviet SS-20 missiles targeting Western Europe.
"Clearly they are trying to expand their strategic nuclear arsenal to deal with the United States", he said, adding that all such new weapons would have to be included in any future strategic arms reduction treaty.
Putin said Moscow "is still open to equal and constructive dialogue" with the U.S. to discuss global security.
Russia sends robot into space to test out new booster rocket
The robot, also designated as Skybot F850, is 180 cm (5 feet, 11 inches) tall and weighs 160 kilos (353 pounds). FEDOR is about the size of an adult human and can imitate human movements.