Cheteshwar Pujara scored a century for India.
A spectacular catch by Usman Khawaja to dismiss Indian hero Virat Kohli was the highlight of the day for the Australians, while first drop Cheteshwar Pujara proved his mettle for the tourists, scoring a dogged century.
Given Pujara was on top of the bowlers at the end of the day, it was a crucial blow from Cummins, with India now 9/250 at stumps on day one of the first Test.
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The 30-year-old said although a majority (10) of his 16 hundreds are at home, it in no way suggests that he is more effective on Indian pitches. But his innings gave India something to defend and ensured the first innings didn't end on the first day, after electing to bat first.
It could yet have a huge impact on the Test and series, with Pujara having already added 123 runs with the tail following the dismissal of wicketkeeper-batsman Rishabh Pant - the final recognised batsman.
Australia's bowling attack held the upper hand early, with just two boundaries coming in the opening hour of play.
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In the 2nd Test against England at Wankhede in 2012, Pujara showed his resilience as he faced the spin duo of Monty Panesar and Graeme Swann, who had wreaked havoc on the turning wicket. Had Pujara remained, India's chances of scrounging out extra runs on Friday morning would have been far greater.
Batting after Kohli won the toss, the visitors crumbled in a disastrous morning session under a pace barrage before digging in later in the day with Pujara and Ravi Ashwin (25 off 76 balls) staging a fightback as the bowlers exhausted.
Then few overs later, Mitchell Starc struck to remove another opener Murali Vijay, who was caught behind, The similarity between Rahul, Vijay, and Kohli's wicket was that all of them went for a drive which never came off. The right-handed batsman ignored all deliveries close to off-stump, played close to his body and only looked for loose deliveries to keep the scoreboard ticking. But it was a controlled innings that saved the match for India.
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