NASA selects Jezero Crater as the landing site for Mars 2020 Rover

This Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter image shows the Jezero Crater delta region.                  NASA  JPL-Caltech  MSSS  JHU-APL

This Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter image shows the Jezero Crater delta region. NASA JPL-Caltech MSSS JHU-APL

The North American Space Agency says it will launch the uncrewed robot, about the size of a auto, in July 2020 to explore the Red Planet. A key objective of the new mission will be to find evidence of possible life on a young Mars: after it was revealed that in the past the planet had a mass of liquid water that it flowed a river flowing into the lake - it's time to examine themselves beds of ancient bodies of water and they collected sediment.

Earlier in November, ExoMars rover - the European Space Agency (ESA) and Russian Roscosmos's joint venture to the Red Planet that will set out in 2020 - also chose a landing site on Mars's equator called Oxia Planum, which had in the prehistoric era housed a massive pool of water.

"Getting samples from this unique area will revolutionize how we think about Mars and its ability to harbor life", Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, said in a press release. Utilizing information from NASA's armada of Mars orbiters, they will outline landscape in more noteworthy detail and distinguish districts of intrigue - places with the most fascinating geographical highlights, for instance - where Mars 2020 could gather the best science tests.

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Scientists suspect the Mars 2020 rover may be able to detect signs of microbial life, as the landforms within the crater are estimated to be around 3.6 billion years old and were likely once part of a lake-delta system. Here in Jezero Crater delta, sediments contain clays and carbonates.

The geologic diversity that makes Jezero so appealing to Mars 2020 scientists also makes it a challenge for the team's entry, descent and landing (EDL) engineers. It will be the same type as the Atlas that has brought the successful Mars Curiosity rover to the Red Planet.

The site selection is dependent upon extensive analyses and verification testing of the TRN capability.

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Artist concept of the Mars 2020 rover. "The Mars 2020 engineering team has done a tremendous amount of work to prepare us for this decision".

But Jezero came out a victor as it offers promising sampling targets of at least five kinds of rock, including clays and carbonates that have high potential to preserve signatures of past life, as revealed by NASA in a press statement.

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