Since then, NRL telescopes have captured extraordinary images of the Sun's atmosphere, including two of the most recent missions: The European Space Agency/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission  in 1995 and the NASA STEREO mission launched in 2006.
On Saturday, NASA plans to send the Parker Solar Probe up from Cape Canaveral Florida atop one of the largest rockets in the world. The device, which will be made of the observations, called Solar Probe Parker.
This will be the first time that solar scientists can see the objects of their study up close and personal. In 1958, he hypothesized the existence of the solar wind, the constant rush of highly charged particles that constantly streams off the sun.
Over the course of its mission, the Parker Solar Probe will orbit the sun 24 times while being subjected to extreme heat and radiation, with temperatures expected to reach 1,377C, almost hot enough to melt steel.
"Eight long years of hard work by countless engineers and scientists is finally paying off", said Adam Szabo, the mission scientist for Parker Solar Probe at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
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The big launch is now less than 40 hours away, with the probe's first close approach to the sun slated for November.
Look for Facebook Live events throughout Friday from the Kennedy Space Center sharing a behind the scenes look at preparing for this and future missions.
"If we don't do this successfully, there really isn't another opportunity anytime soon", he added. We've studied it from missions that are close in, and even as close as the planet Mercury, but we have to go there.
Of course, the PSP is more than a collection of instruments.* It's headed straight for regions reaching up to 2500° F and, at its fastest, it will reach 430,000 miles per hour-giving it the record for fastest spacecraft ever!
The goal for the Parker Solar Probe is to make 24 passes through the corona during its seven-year mission.
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By being right in the thick of it, Parker should provide some answers, shedding light not only on our star but the billions of others out there.
NASA's Parker Solar Probe will travel through the sun\'s atmosphere, closer to the surface than any other spacecraft before it.
Though the side facing the Sun will reach 2500F, the probe itself will be cooler at 85F, says NASA. As we go from the surface of the sun, which is 10,000 degrees, and move up into the corona, we find ourselves quickly at millions of degrees.
"I'm sure that there will be some surprises", Parker said.
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