In a message on Twitter afterwards, Mrs May hailed a productive gathering ahead of a busy week.
In a tweet clearly created to show she was not being knocked off course, Mrs May said: "Productive Cabinet meeting this morning - looking ahead to a busy week".
Le Figaro, the conservative French broadsheet, says the prime minister has been "destabilised by a pro-Brexit revolt", although the inside editorial points out the "mutiny is far from having been won".
The Mansfield MP wrote: 'Being tied to European Union regulations and the European Union tying our hands when seeking to make new trade agreements will be the worst of all worlds.
With numbers tight in the Commons, the prime minister - who relies on Northern Ireland's DUP to win key votes - would be vulnerable to any rebellion among Eurosceptic MPs as she tries to pass key laws needed for Brexit preparation.
Putin looms for Trump after reality-bending visit with U.S. allies
He called on the special counsel to "end this pursuit of the president and say President Trump is completely innocent". After the indictments were announced, Democrats were quick to urge Trump to cancel the meeting.
He stated that the current direction of Brexit policy would leave the United Kingdom in "at best a weak negotiating position, and possibly an inescapable one".
The ex-MP said there was a "plan" to curtail the role of the Brexit department.
Speaking to James Whale on talkRADIO, he said: "Frankly, what came out of Chequers was a complete betrayal not just in the way people voted in the referendum but how they voted in the general election".
Mrs May appears to have stemmed the tide of high-profile resignations, with senior ministers voicing their support for the PM.
Pilots’ strike achieved nothing, says Ryanair
Forsa had said late Wednesday that talks with Ryanair had ended after seven hours of talks with "very little progress". The airline offered to pay for taxis or public parking for pilots working on Thursday so they could avoid the picket.
Britain's opposition Labour Party, led by socialist Jeremy Corbyn, has taken a lead over the Conservative Party as Prime Minister Theresa May's government grapples with a crisis over Brexit, according to two opinion polls.
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox shook his head and mouth the word No when reporters asked him on his way out of cabinet whether he was about to quit.
Speaking at the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation summit in Brussels, Mrs May insisted that her Chequers deal delivered on the "red lines" which she set out in her Lancaster House speech a year ago.
May's proposals for a "common rulebook" on goods "hands control of large swathes of our economy to the EU", he said.
They were announced less than an hour before Mrs May was due to face the press alongside German Chancellor Angela Merkel at an global summit in London.
Her spokesman said she had welcomed the new members of her cabinet and they had discussed the publication of a white paper policy document on Britain's future ties with the European Union and stepping up preparations for any no-deal outcome to the negotiations with Brussels.
Trump says May's Brexit plan could kill hope of U.S. trade deal
Donald Trump said he feels " unwelcome " in London hours after claiming that Londoners "like me a lot", according to The Hill . But on Friday, Trump gave a press conference with May in which he said on Brexit , "Whatever you're going to do is OK with us".
"We need to see whether the taskforce can accommodate some of the British thinking", he said. It is a good thing we have a proposal on the table'.