Turkey's Erdogan, his alliance win presidential, parliamentary elections

A million people attend an election rally of Muharrem Ince

Image It is estimated that a million people attended Muharrem Ince's election rally

Addressing supporters from the Justice and Development Party or AKP headquarters in the nation's capital hours after his victory, Erdogan claimed Turkey's 81 million residents were the winners of the hotly contested election, state run media Anadolu reported. Erdogan had himself in mind, naturally, which brings us to yesterday's election. He campaigned on a platform to reverse the presidential system and return Turkey to parliamentary democracy, end the ongoing state of emergency, stop prosecutions of journalists and civil society members, restore the rule of law and send Syrian refugees back home to their country. He says it will be lifted soon.

Guven said that based on unofficial results, five parties passed the threshold of 10 percent of votes required for parties to enter parliament.

What does the victory mean?
But democracy and secularism have steadily been eroded under Erdogan.

"Erdogan won his victory due to polarization that prevented his main opponent, Muharrem Ince, from attracting conservative votes, to his emotional bond to his voters which kept them with him despite the economic downturn, and to his practical monopoly over the media which prevented his competitors from getting their message across", he told Arab News.

The economic downturn, in which the Turkish lira has lost 20% of its value against the dollar this year, and weariness with almost two years of emergency rule had stoked discontent among voters.

Under the new system, the office of prime minister is abolished, parliament's powers curtailed and the president is accorded wide-ranging executive authority.

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Several world leaders including Russian President Vladimir Putin, NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, President of Bosnian presidency Bakir Izetbegovic, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, Hungary's nationalist Prime Minister Viktor Orban, Jordan's King Abdullah II and Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain.

"The new regime that takes effect from today is a major danger for Turkey".

There has been less tension between Turkey and the U.S. since a preliminary agreement was reached on American military support for the People's Protection Units in Manbij at the start of the month.

But on Monday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was re-elected and, in doing so, effectively finished what the coup plotters started.

With the double election victory on Sunday, Erdogan can now boast of having won an astonishing 14 elections since coming to power.

The secularist CHP draws support broadly from Turkey's urban, educated middle class.

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Erdogan's Justice and Development Party ran in an alliance with the far-right Nationalist Movement Party to create the People's Alliance. He faces 142 years in prison if convicted.

Voter turnout was high, with 86% of the 56 million eligible voters heading to the polls on Sunday.

Echoing opposition complaints made throughout the campaign, he said Mr Erdogan "enjoyed a notable advantage" with "excessive coverage by government affiliated public and private media".

The election was one of the most consequential votes in years and saw a revitalized opposition unify to challenge the incumbent president, who has ruled Turkey for a decade and a half.

Global observers criticized the election Monday, saying it took place on "uneven playing field" tilted in favour of Erdogan and his ruling party, which "enjoyed undue advantage, including in media".

The Turkish lira and stocks sagged after initial gains, and economists said the outlook was uncertain.

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The elections took place under a state of emergency in place since the 2016 coup attempt against Erdogan, which the mission said "limited" freedoms of expression and assembly.

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