Fast Growing Mega Black Hole Discovered by Researchers

NASA  JPL-CaltechAn artist’s impression supermassive black hole

NASA JPL-CaltechAn artist’s impression supermassive black hole

Now, a new discovery reports a monstrous black hole that has approximately 4,000 times the mass of Sagittarius A, the supermassive black hole in the center of Milky Way, and is expanding even faster than any other black hole astronomers have ever observed.

The huge hole, codenamed QSO SMSS J215728.21-360215.1, is the staggering size of about 20 billion suns, and grows at a rate of 200 million suns over a million years.

According to Dr. Christian Wolf from the ANU's Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, as it lurks in deep space, the mega black hole emits huge amounts of energy, which is mostly ultraviolet light but also radiated X-rays.

"If we had this monster sitting at the centre of our Milky Way galaxy, it would appear 10 times brighter than a full moon". Wolf further added that it would have appeared as an unbelievably bright "pin-point star", which could wash out almost every star present in the celestial sphere.

The discovery of the new supermassive black hole was confirmed using the spectrograph on the ANU 2.3 metre telescope to split colours into spectral lines.

But it wouldn't much matter, since the oodles of x-rays emanating from this great void would probably make life on Earth impossible.

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This supermassive black hole is the fastest-growing quasar in the known universe.

"And it might mean that there were seeds to these black holes in the very early universe".

"We don't know how this one grew so large, so quickly in the early days of the universe", Wolf said.

Wolf explains how they found the bright black hole.

Because of its distance and the expansion of space, that light had shifted into the near-infrared during its billions-of-years journey.

He said the record-breaking hole had been "hiding in plain sight" until about two weeks ago, when the European Space Agency released data that made it easier to identify black holes among the stars.

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There is a supermassive black hole at the centre of our own galaxy, but compared to this one, it is a lightweight.

This makes the newfound giant black hole the fastest-growing quasar in the known universe.

As the universe expanded, the electromagnetic waves emitted by the quasar take longer to reach Earth and their wavelength is stretched.

The study was published May 11 in the Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia.

The capsule, he said, helped to confirm that the far-away object was a candidate to be a very large quasar.

If this bright black hole would have been in our galaxy, astronomers say that it would outshine all the stars in the sky.

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