The area between the South America and Nazca plates, where the tremor occurred, is prone to earthquakes, with 13 above magnitude 6.5 occurring over the past century, the US Geological Survey says.
The victim, 55-year-old Justo Palomino Yucra, died after being by crushed by a rock in the town of Yauca.
Jorge Chavez, chief of Peru's Civil Defense Institute, initially said 65 people were injured and another person died in the town of Bella Union, but later rescinded the statement. Many residents of Lomas, a coastal town, were evacuated after feeling an aftershock.
Several municipalities lost electricity, and many roads and adobe houses collapsed, Osorio said.
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Mabuyane said the ANC should be renewed as a party and that it should be rooted among its people. Ramaphosa instead is emphasizing the need to unify the party.
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski tweeted he was in route to the affected region to "verify the magnitude of the damage and send the needed humanitarian aid".
Arequipa Governor Yamila Osorio said adobe houses had collapsed in some areas and landslides were blocking some roads.
About 47 percent of homes in Peru, or 3.6 million, are made of clay, earth, stone or wood materials that are vulnerable in earthquakes, according to government statistics from 2014.
A tsunami threat has been issued in Peru and Chile following a powerful quake just off the coast of South America.
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For Australia , Jack Edwards was the pick of the bowlers and ended up with impressive figures of 9-0-65-4. Abhishek Sharma (23) though managed to come up with a cameo which propelled India past the 300-run mark.
Pope Francis is due to visit the country in the coming days.
The last major quake to shake Peru hit in August 2007, killing 595 people.
Peruvian maritime authorities said the quake did not produce a tsunami on the Peruvian coast.
An quake with a preliminary magnitude of 7.3 struck off Peru's coast at 0918 GMT (4:18 a.m. EST).
Yuan Meng présenté pour la première fois aux visiteurs — Beauval
Pour Delphine Delord , directrice de la communication du zoo de Beauval , " l'engouement est extraordinaire ". Les visiteurs étaient nombreux à tenter d'apercevoir ce petit ours herbivore.